Octopus genome sequenced
The first whole-genome analysis of an octopus reveals unique genomic features that likely played a role in the evolution of traits such as large complex nervous systems and adaptive camouflage.
Read more: NPR, Scientific American
Single, billion-year-old mutation helped multicellular animals evolve
Taking a deep look into the distant past, UChicago scientists used “molecular time travel” experiments to resurrect and study the function and evolution of an ancient protein necessary for multicellularity.
Read more: NYTimes
Science out of the big box
Evolutionary biology graduate students at UChicago are among the best in the world, but it might be surprising how some carry out their research: through the use of tools they designed and built by hand (or purchased from Walmart).
Medicine on the Midway, feature story
Social experience leads to empathetic, pro-social behavior in rats
Rats are known to show empathy-driven behavior, which also extends toward strangers, but with a catch - rats require prior, positive social interactions with the type of the unfamiliar individual in order to show empathy.
Read more: Washington Post, Chicago Tribune
The genes that make a woolly mammoth a woolly mammoth
The most comprehensive analysis of the woolly mammoth genome performed to date reveals extensive genetic changes that allowed mammoths to adapt to life in the arctic. The study could potentially serve as a blueprint for efforts to resurrect the extinct species.
Read more: NPR, Reuters
Earliest known arboreal and subterranean ancestral mammals discovered
The fossils of two interrelated ancestral mammals, newly discovered in China, suggest that the wide-ranging ecological diversity of modern mammals had a precedent more than 160 million years ago.
Read more: BBC, National Geographic, Xinhua
- Window to the Brain | Feature story, Medicine on the Midway
- People with "rage" disorder twice as likely to have parasitic infection | Read more: CBS News
- Clot-busting therapy reduces mortality in deadliest form of stroke | Read more: Washington Post
- Why elephants rarely get cancer | Read more: NYTimes, Nature
- High-tech analysis of proto-mammal fossil clarifies mammalian family tree | Read more: NYTimes
- University of Chicago geneticist John Novembre named 2015 MacArthur Fellow | Read more: Washington Post
- Gut bacteria that protect against food allergies identified | Read more: Time, BBC
- University of Chicago opens groundbreaking sustainable field station | Read more: NYTimes
- Hooked on a feeling: new study finds fish fins can sense touch | Read more: Discovery News
- Neuroscience at a turning point | Cover story, Medicine on the Midway
- 125-million-year-old mammal fossil preserved with hair, spines and even a fungal infection | Read more: BBC
- Protein aggregation after heat shock is an organized, reversible cellular response | Read more: The Scientist
- A single gene controls wing mimicry in butterflies | Read more: NYTimes, National Geographic
- Scientists find a more likely “fat gene” | Read more: Nature, LA Times
- Autism and intellectual disability linked with environmental factors | Read more: Newsweek
- How not to tear your ACL while celebrating
- Reddit Science AMAs (Ask Me Anything): Peggy Mason: Empathy in Rats, Vincent Lynch: Elephants and Cancer
High variability suggests glycemic index is an unreliable indicator of blood sugar response
The results of a randomized, controlled-feeding trial suggest that glycemic index values are unlikely to be useful in guiding food choices.
Read more: Good Morning America, Huffington Post
Cocktail of bacteria-killing viruses prevents cholera infection in animal models
Oral administration of a cocktail of three viruses, all of which specifically kill cholera bacteria, prevents infection and cholera-like symptoms in animal model experiments.
- Lack of standards for infant cereals threatens child nutrition in lower-income countries | Read more: NYTimes
- Regular intake of sugary beverages, but not diet soda, is associated with prediabetes | Read more: Reuters
- Hospitalizations for a heart infection related to drug injection rising across the U.S. | Read more: Boston Herald, Forbes
- U.S. land capacity for feeding people could expand with dietary changes | Read more: NOVA Next, The Times (UK)
- Healthcare costs for infections linked to bacteria in water supply systems are rising | Read more: CBS News, HealthDay
- Silencing SIRT2, a sirtuin enzyme, reduces malignancy in deadly breast cancer subtype
- New stem cell delivery approach regenerates dental pulp-like tissue in a rodent model
- “Hunger” neurons in the brain are regulated by protein activated during fasting
- Individual mycobacteria respond differently to antibiotics based on growth and timing
- High folate intake linked with nerve-damage risk in older adults with common gene variant
- Beta-cryptoxanthin, a carotenoid, inhibits nicotine-linked lung cancer development in mice
- Drug development for progeria yields insights into normal aging
- Caution urged over the FDA's new breakthrough designation
- Biotech comes to its ‘antisenses’ after hard-won drug approval
- Near-record number of approvals signals drug development shift
- Sequencing of superagers offers drug targets, but fewer than hoped
- Competition intensifies over market for DNA-based prenatal tests
- An ingestible pill-sized device offers a 3D view of the esophagus
- Ancient medicinal tablets had Cold-Eeze-like ingredients
- Proposal to overhaul disease’s name could boost awareness and funding
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